It's important that victims of serious animal attacks report the attack and hire an attorney to compensate your pain and loss.

Treatment After a Dog Bite

We’ve seen a great number of dog attacks in Milwaukee, Racine and West Allis.  I’m not sure whether it is kids walking for Halloween or the moderate weather and everyone is just taking advantage of clear sidewalks before the snow comes.  But, there is a definite uptick in calls about injuries from vicious dogs.

We’ve asked a doctor to give some thoughts about treatments after a dog bite.  Certainly, the best practice is to call 911 and ask for an ambulance or just go the ER or urgent care.  Here is some interesting, and useful info, about treatment after a dog bite and attack:

Dog Bites

Domestic animals, like dogs, are responsible for most animal bites. Injuries from a dog bite make up 85 to 90 percent of animal bites. There are more than 4.5 million dog bites that occur each year in the U.S, half of them children between ages 5 and 9 and are more likely to be injured than adults. Approximately 900,000 dog bite victims seek emergency medical care at hospitals in the U.S. every year. One out of every five of those bites causes an injury that requires medical attention, according to the Centers for Disease Control and more than 25,000 victims require reconstructive surgery.

Bites that don’t break the skin are not at risk for infection. Injuries often occur on the fingers or hands. These may involve structures deep beneath the skin including muscles, bones, nerves, and blood vessels. Infection from dog bites is caused by bacteria. They can be found in the mouth or saliva of the dog. The bacteria then enter the wound after being on the skin or from the environment. Infections like tetanus and rabies need to be considered because these are fatal diseases affecting the nervous system if left untreated. Tetanus and rabies are caused by bacteria and virus respectively.

What to do If Bitten by a Dog

The dog bite victim should go to a safe place away from the assailant dog to prevent further attack. Dog bites may cause laceration or puncture of skin, muscles or bones. Medical care should be accessed by a healthcare practitioner if there is a pain at or near the injury site as well. If there is only a minimal abrasion/bruise present, it is reasonable to watch for signs of infection (pain, redness, warmth, swelling, and drainage of pus or fluid) if the victim elects not to seek medical care.

The immunization status of the dog must be determined immediately by asking the owner that the vaccination is up to date or not including rabies and find out if the dog was provoked or not. Anyone who is bitten by a dog is at risk of getting rabies. Exposure to a rabid animal does not always result in rabies if treatment is initiated promptly following a rabies exposure, rabies can be prevented. If a rabies exposure is not treated and a person develops clinical signs of rabies, the diseased almost always results in death.

First Aid for Dog Bites

Although we can provide first aid for a dog bite at home, it’s very important to see a doctor, especially if the dog is unfamiliar, the bite is deep,  you can’t stop the bleeding, or there are any signs of infection. The first step with a dog bite is to properly clean and assess the wound. The following steps could help prevent infection:

Wounds should be kept elevated and, if possible, wash the wound with soap and tap water.Don’t use cotton to prevent bleeding, apply a sterile bandage instead.Use betadine or another antibiotic ointments to prevent infection from external environment.If the wound is deep, apply pressure with a clean, dry cloth to stop the bleeding.Dog bites can cause infections that need to be treated with antibiotics.

 

These are some good thoughts about care after a dog bite.   We can’t stress enough the important of getting immediate medical  care.  Better safe than sorry.

As always, please call Groth Law Firm, S.C. with any questions.  We are happy to discuss your situation and will give you and honest answer if there is a case or if there is no need to hire an attorney.  Our initial consultations are always free.

Tinnitus Injuries After A Crash

Tinnitus: Un Antes y un después del accidente.

Increíble cómo un accidente vehicular leve o un tan común golpe en la cabeza puede cambiarnos la vida.

¿Se imagina un zumbido o silbido 24 horas al día dentro de su cabeza? Es verdad, no va a matarle pero podría enloquecerle un poco.

¿De qué hablamos?

Tinnitus es percepción de ruidos en la cabeza, que no tienen relación con sonidos externos o síntomas psiquiátricos, ya que su mente no es responsable del mismo (esto lo diferencia de una alucinación)

Es común sufrir de tinnitus temporal luego de exponernos a un ruido intenso como al asistir a un concierto o al estar en medio del tráfico vehicular de una ciudad muy ruidosa, pero cuando es permanente es realmente un problema de salud.

Las causas más frecuentes de Tinnitus son:

  • Golpes en la cabeza.
  • Efectos secundarios de medicamentos como: Aspirina, Neomicina y Amikacina.
  • Infecciones en el oído.
  • Obstrucción del oído.

 

¿Cómo un accidente puede producir tinnitus?

En el interior de nuestro oído hay unas pequeñas células llamadas células ciliadas que son las responsables de la recepción del sonido en el oído interno, que luego se va a transmitir a nuestro cerebro.

En muchas ocasiones se desconoce su causa, pero un trauma directo sobre la cabeza o incluso el ruido intenso por ejemplo durante la colisión de 2 vehículos en un accidente, puede lesionar estas estructuras provocando una disfunción que desencadena el molesto zumbidos o silbidos típicos del tinnitus.

El Servicio de Sanidad de Oregón y La Clínica Universitaria del Tinnitus realizaron una investigación con 2.400 pacientes que padecían de tinnitus permanente; de estos el 12% había presentado accidentes con afectación de cabeza o cuello.

Este grupo comparados con el resto de los pacientes con tinnitus por otras causas (infecciosas, efectos de medicamentos, etc) en ellos los síntomas diarios eran mucho más intensos:

  • Problemas para dormir.
  • Dificultad para relajarse.
  • Disminución de la concentración.
  • Problemas de memoria a corto plazo.

¿El tinnitus tiene cura?

Cuando hablamos de una enfermedad esperamos que la respuesta para tratarla sea un medicamento, combinación de medicamentos, exponernos a estudios o aparatos sofisticados o incluso una cirugía.

Esto no es diferente cuando le decimos al paciente: “Ese ruido que escuchas es un problema de oído posterior al accidente” ya que inmediatamente la pregunta es: “¿Qué tomo para eso doctora?

Es lamentable reconocer que actualmente no hay una cura para esta molesta condición, sin embargo hay terapias realizadas por especialistas que pueden ayudarnos a controlarla basada en lo siguiente:

1.- Exponer a la persona a un sonido asociado a su tinnitus (que es diferente en cada persona)

2.- Se les indica que pongan atención a las sensaciones que tienen al percibirlo.

Esto se basa en identificar y enfrentar las reacciones de miedo y ansiedad relacionadas, que son las que realmente afectan la calidad de vida de la persona con tinnitus.

En un estudio realizado aplicando esta terapia aunque el sonido no desapareció, las reacciones de miedo sí disminuyeron en gran manera.

Por su causa poco clara y lo variable de los síntomas en cada caso es casi imposible curarla con un tratamiento estándar, sin embargo este tipo de terapia ayudan a aceptar la condición, enfrentarla y convivir con ella sin enloquecer en el intento.

 

After a Car Crash Video

 

A car crash happens. Your car is totaled. You need to take off work to go to the doctor, then PT, then follow up appointments. It seems every few hours the insurance company for the at fault person calls, then sends letters then someone shows up at your house. You need to concentrate on getting better and getting the right medical care. That’s one of the benefits of hiring a personal injury law firm. Groth Law Firm, S.C. has decades of experience helping injured people. Our firm is there from the very beginning and are only paid if you win. No risk and much, much less stress. Call or text Groth Law Firm, S.C. 414-375-2030 or go to www.grothlawfirm.com

REAR END CAR CRASH INJURIES

Rear end accidents often take victim by surprise jarring them suddenly which can result in serious bodily injuries. This makes rear-end collisions one of the most common type of auto accidents in the country and a leading cause of car crash injuries. These injuries cost Americans millions of dollars in medical fees, rehabilitation and lost wages every year. Most common injuries sustained in a rear-end car accident are whiplash, broken bones, soft tissue injury, traumatic brain injury, herniation, facial disfigurement/scarring, concussion, wrist and arm injuries, paralysis of spinal cord and brain, airbag injuries etc.

Explanation of some of the common injuries that rear-end car accident victim suffer from are:

WHIPLASH   Whiplash is one of the most commonly mentioned injuries arising from a rear-end collision. “Whiplash” is a term used to describe pain and stiffness in the neck and shoulder area when the neck, shoulders, and spine suddenly and violently move, beyond their normal range. As a result of this hyperextension and hyperflexion of the neck occurs. Drivers and passengers being rear-ended are not aware of these potential accidents before it happens, so there is no chance to brace for impact. Muscles are left in a relaxed state rather than a contracted one. This allows the head, neck, and back to move more vigorously and violently increasing the chances of serious injury. Approximately 20% of all victims of rear-end accidents by National Safety Council are whiplash injuries and of those, almost 80 percent experience pain and soreness of neck lasting longer than a week. Fifty percent have pain and soreness that lasts more than a year. The extent of these injuries varies from accident case to accident case; some spinal injuries resulting from rear-end collisions demand more intensive medical treatment than others

NECK PAIN   It is the most common complain of whiplash trauma which often radiates to the shoulders and to the head and up to the space between the scapulas. The most common cause of neck pain following a car accidents are facet joints injuries, disc injuries and damage of the muscles and ligaments of the neck and upper back. Tenderness and pain of the back of the neck is due to facet injury and it can be palpate by physical examination. Chronic neck pain may occur after whiplash injury and is due to the torn of the fibers of the outer wall of the spinal discs. These tears, then, can lead to disc degeneration or herniation, resulting in irritation or compression of the nerves running through the area and radiating pain into the arms, shoulders and upper back, and may result in muscle weakness. Damage to the ligaments often results in abnormal movement and instability.

BACK PAIN     Although most people consider whiplash to be an injury of the neck, the low back is also commonly injured as well.  In fact, low back pain is found in more than half of rear impact-collisions in which injury was reported, and almost three-quarters of all side-impact crashes.  This is mostly due to the fact that the low back still experiences a tremendous compression during the first two phases of a whiplash injury, even though it does not have the degree of flexion-extension injury experienced in the neck. Accidents that occur at low speeds can also cause serious back injuries. The force of impact can result in compression of the spine and the discs in the lower spinal column. The force of the crash exerts extraordinary pressure on the vertebrae. This will most likely result in soreness and even excruciating low back pain.

TREATMENTS  

Call Groth Law Firm, S.C. 414-375-2030

A common treatment for treating facet joint pain is the implementation of a simple cold or hot compress for 15 minutes 2-4 hourly. Exercise and massage has been shown to improve spasms and stiffness. The most common medical treatments include the use of NSAIDs (anti-inflammatory medications), muscle relaxants, trigger point injections and, in some cases, epidural spinal injections.  These therapies should be used for short-term relief of pain, if necessary, and not be the focus of treatment.  After all, a drug cannot restore normal joint movement and stimulate healthy muscle repair.  Fortunately, surgery is only needed in some cases of herniated discs, when the disc is pressing on the spinal cord, and in some cases of spine fractures.

No matter what your injury or whether you have one or dozens of questions call Groth Law Firm, S.C. and one of our attorneys will listen to your concerns and answer your questions.  Call or text 414.375.2030.

Trauma Causing Foot and Ankle Injuries

Accidents Often Cause Foot and Ankle Injuries

ANKLE INJURIES

Strains, sprains, and fractures are the most prevalent (more than one million people in US annually) ankle injuries, often occurs during sports and recreational activities. But people also commonly suffer these injuries while walking or falling from collapsing stairs or falling of a construction site. Such injuries of ankle are Adduction injuries, Abduction injuries, Pronation–External rotation injuries, Supination-External rotation injuries and Vertical compression injuries. These injuries are usually fracture of bones and strains of the ankle ligaments.  An ankle joint is made up of 3 bones (tibia, fibula, and talus), a fibrous capsule which contains synovial fluid (allows smooth movements of the joint surfaces) and several ligaments that stabilize the joint. Ankle fractures are classified according to the location and type of ankle bone involved. The different types of ankle fractures are:

  • Lateral Malleolus fracture in which the lateral malleolus, the outer part of the ankle, is fractured.
  • Medial Malleolus fracture in which the medial malleolus, the inner part of the ankle, is fractured.
  • Posterior Malleolus fracture in which the posterior malleolus, the bony hump of the tibia, is fractured.
  • Bimalleolar fractures in which both lateral and medial malleolus bones are fractured.
  • Trimalleolar fractures in which all three lateral, medial, and posterior bones are fractured.
  • Syndesmotic injury, also called a high ankle sprain, is usually not a fracture, but can be treated as a fracture.

HEEL BONES FRACTURES

Fractures of Calcaneum bone: Calcaneum bone fractures are usually caused by fall from height onto the heels, thus both heels may be injured at the same time. The fracture may be (i) an isolated crack fracture usually in the region of tuberosity; or (ii) more often a compression injury where the bone is shattered like an egg shell. The degree of displacement varies according to the severity of trauma. The fracture may be one of the following types

  • Undisplaced fractures resulting from a minimal trauma
  • Extra-articular fracture where the articular surface remain intact, and the force splits the calcaneal tuberosity
  • Intra-articular fracture when the articular surface of the calcaneum fails to withstand the stress. It is shattered and driven downwards into the body of the bone, crushing the delicate trabeculae of the cancellous bone into powder. This is commonest type of fracture.

Fractures of the Tarsal bones: Fracture of Talus bone: Fracture of neck of the talus results from forced dorsiflexion of the ankle. This may be associated with dislocation of the body of the talus backward, out of the ankle-mortise. Vascularity of the body of the talus may be compromised.

Fractures and dislocation of other Tarsal bones are uncommon.

Fractures of Metatarsal bones are caused by direct violence from a heavy object falling onto the foot. A metatarsal fracture can be caused by repeated stress without any specific injury (march Fracture).One or more metatarsal fractures of the shaft of the bones can be due to crush injuries.

Fractures of Phalanges of the Toes   These are common injuries, most often resulting from fall of a heavy object, or twisting of the toes. The great toe is injured most commonly.

Our law firm has handled many cases involving ankle and foot fractures.  We have deposed foot and ankle surgeons, life care planners and vocational experts in order to get the proper testimony into evidence.  Call Groth Law Firm S.C. and our Milwaukee, Wisconsin attorneys with any questions you may have.